Massimiliano Cardinale

Massimiliano Cardinale
Associate Professor in Marine Ecology


Prof. Cardinale has a very wide educational curriculum being holder of a Master in Biological Science as well as a PhD in Marine Ecology. 

Prof. Cardinale has an excellent experience in marine fisheries stock assessment and management and international cooperation in the fisheries ecology sector, having more than 20 years of professional experience in the field of fisheries biology and ecology and more than 15 years of professional experience in the field of management of fisheries at national regional and global levels.

Particularly significant is his 20 years’ experience as the Swedish National Board of Fisheries and Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences as senior scientist in charge for the assessment of the most important stocks of both the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. His activity includes statistical analysis, stock assessment, modelling, data managing, and otolith science. Also quite significant is his 10 years experience within the fisheries ecology sector in Asia and in Africa under different SIDA projects. He is also member of the IOTC (Indian Ocean Tuna Commission) since 2015.

He is currently a nominated member of ACOM (under ICES) and STECF vice-chair (under DG-MARE at EU commission) committees for fisheries and marine resource management since 2002. He has participated in more than 80 different working groups under ICES and more than 50 working groups under DG MARE. He has been chairman of more than 20 different working groups under both ICES and DG MARE umbrella, particularly SGMED, which is the Group responsible since 2008 for stock assessment of Mediterranean fisheries resources and the Group responsible for stock assessment of Black Sea fisheries resources since 2015. In 2011, 2013, 2014 and 2015 he has been invited as reviewer by the Center for Independent Expert (CIE).

Thanks to his long term experience in the marine ecology and fisheries sector, Mr. Cardinale has been recently nominated official member of the Editorial Board of the prestigious International Journal Applied Ichthyology. He has more than 100 publications on international journals, including books, on numerous aspects of fisheries ecology as stock assessment, modelling and analysis of historical data. He has also produced several working reports, presented more than 35 lectures and has more than 100 hours of academic activity in different universities.

Mr. Cardinale is also engaged in research activities of bird migration and he is since 2002 the Director of the Bird Migration Research Center on Ponza Island, Italy (


Current research 

Waking the Deads - modelling long term temporal and spatial variations of historically targeted species from the eastern North Sea and the Baltic Sea using long time-series data

Stock assessment and fisheries management

Small Island project -long term monitoring of migratory populations of transharian small passerines


Master education and thesis: Degree in Biological Science, University “La Sapienza” Rome, Italy with the maximum (110/110 with honour), 1995. Thesis: “Growth and diet of Xyrichthys novacula (Pisces: Labridae)”. Supervisor: Prof. G.D. Ardizzone (Department of Human and Animal Biology, University “La Sapienza” Rome).

Doctoral thesis: "Reproductive potential of Baltic cod populations (Gadus morhua), Department of Marine Ecology, Göteborg University, Sweden, 2001, Fishery Ecology. Supervisor Dr. Fredrik Arrhenius, Swedish National Board of Fisheries, Sweden.

Publikationer i urval

Colloca, F., Cardinale, M., Ardizzone, G.D. (2003). Structure and diversity of demersal assemblages in the central Mediterranean Sea in relation to macrobenthic communities distribution. Costal and Estuarin Shelf Ecology, 56: 469-480.

Cardinale, M., Doering, P., Moosegard, H. and Kaskowsky, M. (2004). Effects of sex, stock and environment on the shape of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) otoliths. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 61: 158-168.

Casini, M., Cardinale, M., and Arrhenius, F. (2004). Feeding preferences of herring and sprat in the southern Baltic Sea. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 61: 1267-1277.

Carpentieri P., Colloca F., Cardinale M., Belluscio A., Ardizzone G.D. (2004). Factors influencing the feeding habits ontogenesis of the European Hake (Merluccius merluccius) in the Central Mediterranean Sea. Fisheries Bulletin, 103: 411-416.

Casini, M., Cardinale, M., Hjelm, J. and Vitale, F. and (2005). Trends in biomass and related changes in spatial distribution of demersal fish species in Kattegat and Skagerrak, eastern North Sea. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 62: 671-682.

Vitale, F., Cardinale, M. and Svedeng, H. (2005). Evaluation of the temporal development of the ovaries in cod (Gadus morhua) from the Sound and Kattegat. Journal of Fish Biology, 67: 669-683. 

Vitale, F., Svedäng, H. and Cardinale, M. (2006). Histological analysis invalidates maturity ogives of cod (Gadus morhua) based on visual inspections. Optimization of maturity surveys and use of alternative criteria in estimating maturity. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 485-492.

Hultgren, M., Hjelm J. and Cardinale M. (2006). Water uptake in herring (Clupea harengus) and sprat (Sprattus sprattus) as a function of area, salinity and fat content. Fisheries Research, 94-99.

Casini, M., Cardinale M. and Hjelm J. (2006). Inter-annual variation of herring (Clupea harengus) and sprat (Sprattus sprattus) condition in the central Baltic Sea: what gives the tune? Oikos, 112: 638-650.

Cardinale, M and Hjelm, J. (2006). Marine fish recruitment variability and climate indices. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 309: 307-309.

Costantini, D., Cardinale M., Carere C. (2006). Oxidative damage and anti-oxidant capacity in two migratory bird species at a stop-over site. Comparative Biochemistry & Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 144: 363-371.

Doering, P., Cardinale, M., Moosegard, H. (2008). Use of otolith shape, otolith morphometrics and fish biometrics to predict age: Ageing fish faster, a proof with known age fish. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 65: 2342–2350.

Cardinale, M. and Svedäng, H. (2008). Mismanagement of fisheries: policy or science? Fisheries Research, doi:10.1016/j.fishres.2008.05.010.

Casini, M., Lövgren, J., Hjelm, J., Cardinale M., Molinero, J.-C., and Kornilovs,  G. (2008). Multi-level trophic cascades in a heavily exploited open marine ecosystem. Proceeding of the Royal Society B doi:10.1098/rspb.2007.1752.

Cardinale, M., Mölmann, C., Bartolino, V., Casini, M., Kornilovs, G., Raid, T., Margonski, P., Raitaniemi, L., and Gröhsler, T. (2009). Climate and parental effects on the recruitment of Baltic herring (Clupea harengus membras) populations. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 388: 221-234.

Casini, M., Hjelm, J., Molinero, J.-C., Lövgren, J., Cardinale, M., Bartolino, V., Belgrano, A., and Kornilovs, G. (2009). Trophic cascades promote threshold-like shifts in pelagic marine ecosystems: the Baltic Sea case. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 106: 197-202.

Cardinale, M., Linder, M., Bartolino, V., Maiorano, L., (2009). Conservation value of historical data: reconstructing stock dynamic of turbot (Psetta maxima) during the last century in the Eastern North Sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 386: 197–206.

Cardinale, M., Nugroho, D. and Hernroth L. (2009). Reconstructing historical trend in abundance of small pelagic fish species in the Java Sea using standardized commercial trip based catch per unit of effort. Fishery Research, doi:10.1016/j.fishres.2009.05.015.

Fusani, L., Cardinale, M., Carere, C., & Goymann W. (2009). Stopover decision during migration: physiological conditions predict nocturnal restlessness in wild passerines. Biology Letters, doi:10.1098/rsbl.2008.0755.

Cardinale, M., Hagberg, J., Svedäng, H., Bartolino, V., Gedamke , T., Hjelm, J., Börjesson, P., and Norén, F. (2010). Fishing through time: population dynamics of plaice (Pleuronectes platessa) in the Kattegat-Skagerrak over a century. Population Ecology, 52:251–262, DOI 10.1007/s10144-009-0177-x.

Svedäng, H., Stål, J., Sterner, T. & Cardinale, M. (2010). Consequences of subpopulation structure on fisheries management: cod (Gadus morhua) in the Kattegat and Öresund (North Sea). Reviews in Fisheries Science, 18(2):1–9.

Cardinale, M., Bartolino, V., Llope, M., Maiorano, L., Sköld, M., and Hagberg, J. (2011). Historical spatial baselines in conservation and management of marine resources. Fish and Fisheries, 12:289-298, DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-2979.2010.00393.x.

Svedäng, H., Cardinale, M. & André, C. (2011). Recovery of former fish productivity: philopatric behaviours put depleted stocks in an unforeseen deadlock. In: Ecosystem Based Management for Marine Fisheries: An Evolving Perspective, Belgrano, A., Fowler, C.W. (eds), Cambridge University Press, pp. 232-247.

Fusani, L., Cardinale, M., Schwabl, I. and Goymann, W. (2011). Food availability and not melatonin affects nocturnal restlessness in wild migrating passerines. Hormones and Behavior, 59: 187-192,

Cardinale, M., Nugroho, D., and Jonson, P. (2011). Serial depletion of fishing grounds in an unregulated, open access fishery: A case study of the Java sea small pelagic seine fishery (1990–2009). Fisheries Research, doi:10.1016/j.fishres.2010.12.007.

Casini, M., Kornilovs, G., Cardinale, M., Möllmann, C., Grygiel, W., Jonsson, P., Kaljuste, O., Raid, T., Plikshs, M., Ojaveer, H. and Feldman, V. (2011). Spatial and temporal density dependence regulates the condition of central Baltic Sea clupeids: compelling evidence using an extensive international acoustic survey. Population Ecology, 53:511–523, DOI 10.1007/s10144-011-0269-2.

Cardinale, M. and Svedäng, H. (2011). The beauty of simplicity in science: the Baltic cod stock improves rapidly in a “cod hostile” ecosystem state. Marine Ecology Progress Series, Vol. 425: 297–301, doi: 10.3354/meps09098.

Colloca, F., Cardinale, M., Giannoulaki, M., Scarcella, G., Jenko, K., Fiorentino, F., Bellido J.M., Maynou, F., (2011). Rebuilding Mediterranean fisheries: toward a new paradigm for ecological sustainability in single species population models. Fish and Fisheries, doi: 10.1111/j.1467-2979.2011.00453.x.

Cardinale M. (2011). Fishery reform: most stocks secure. Nature 476, 282 (2011), doi:10.1038/476282a.

Cardinale, M. and Hjelm, J. (2012). Short term loss and long term revenue in a size-selective fishery. Marine Policy, 36: 903–906.

Lloreta, J., Faliexb, E., Shulmanc, G. E. Ragad, J-A., Sasale, P., Muñoza, M., Casadevalla, M., Ahuir-Barajad, A.E., Monterod, F. E., Repullés-Albeldad, A., Cardinale, M., Rätz, H-J., Vilaa, S., Ferrer, D., (2012). Fish health and fisheries, implications for stock assessment and management: the Mediterranean example. Reviews in Fisheries Science, 20(3): 165–180, DOI: 10.1080/10641262.2012.695817.

Bartolino V., Cardinale, M., Svedäng, H., Linderholm, H.W., Casini, M., Grimwall A., (2012). Historical spatiotemporal dynamics of eastern North Sea cod. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 69(5): 833-841, 10.1139/f2012-028.

Cardinale, M., Svedäng, H., Bartolino, V., Maiorano, L., Casini, M., Hjelm, J. Linderholm H. (2012). Spatial and temporal depletion of haddock and pollack during the last century in the Kattegat-Skagerrak. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 1-12, doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0426.2012.01937.x.

Kraak, S., Bailey, N., Cardinale, M., Darby, C., De Oliveira, J., Eero, M., Graham, N., Holmes, S., Jakobsen, T., Kempf, A., Kirkegaard, E., Powell, J., Scott, R., Simmonds, J., Ulrich, C., Vanhee, W., Vinther, M., (2012). Lessons for fisheries management from the EU cod recovery plan. Marine Policy,

Cardinale M., Doerner H., Abella, A., Andersen, J. L., Casey, J., Döring, R., Kirkegaard, E., Motova, A., Anderson, J., Simmonds E. J. and Stransky C., (2012). Rebuilding EU fish stocks and fisheries, a process under way? Marine Policy, 39: 43-52.

Beggs, S., Cardinale, M., Gowen R. J. and Bartolino, V., (2013). Linking cod (Gadus morhua) and climate: investigating variability in Irish Sea cod recruitment. Fisheries Oceanography, doi:10.1111/fog.12043.

Ulrich, C., Gatti, P., Boje, J., Cardinale, M., Miller, D. C. M., Nielsen, E.E., Jacobsen, J.B., Andersen, S. B., Andersen, M., Bastardie, F., Belgrano, A., Jonsson, P., Sköld, M., Rijnsdorp, A., (2013). Variability and connectivity of plaice populations from the Eastern North Sea to the Western Baltic Sea, and their consequences for assessment and management. Journal of Sea Research, 84 (2013) 40–48. 

Sundelöf, A., Bartolino, V., Ulmestrand, M., and Cardinale, M., (2013). Multi-annual fluctuations in reconstructed historical time-series of a European Lobster (Homarus gammarus) population disappear at increased exploitation levels. PLoS ONE, 8(4): e58160. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0058160.

Wikstrom, A., Knape, J., Casini, M., Gardmark, A., Cardinale, M., Hjelm, J., Jonzen, N., (2015). Fishing, reproductive volume and regulation: population dynamics and exploitation of the eastern Baltic cod. Population Ecology, DOI 10.1007/s10144-015-0520-3.

Bartolino, V., Margonski, P., Lindegren, M., Linderholm, H., Cardinale, M., Rayner, D., Wennhage, H., Casini, M., (2014). Predicting fish stock dynamics under climate change: Baltic herring as a case study. Fisheries Oceanography, 23: 258-269.

Cardinale M., Bartolino, V., Svedäng, H., Sundelöf, A. Poulsen, R. T., Casini, M. (2014). A centurial development of the North Sea fish megafauna as reflected by the historical Swedish longlining fisheries. Fish and Fisheries, doi: 10.1111/faf.12074.

Vølstad, J.H., Santana Afonso, P., Baloi, A.P., de Premegi, N., Meisfjord J. and Cardinale, M., (2014). Probability-based survey techniques for monitoring catch and effort in the coastal small-scale fisheries in Mozambique. Fisheries Research, 151, 39–46.

Munk, P., Cardinale, M., Casini, M., Rudolphi, A.C. (2014). The community structure of over-wintering larval and small juvenile fish in a large estuary. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 139. 27-39.

Cardinale, M., Casini, M., Chacate, O., I. Chauca (2014). Trend analysis of the Mozambique artisanal fisheries using standardised commercial trip based catch per unit of effort. Scientia Marina, 78(1): 55-64.

Linderholm, H. W. Cardinale, M., Chen, D., Bartolino, V., and Svedäng, H. (2014). Climatic influences on the recruitment of three fish species in the Skagerrak/Kattegat over the last century. Journal of Marine System, 134:1-11.

Eero, M., Hjelm, J., Behrens, J., Buchmann, K., Cardinale M, Casini, M., Gasyukov, P., Holmgren, N., Horbowy, J., Hüssy, K., Kirkegaard, E., Kornilovs, G., Krumme, U., Köster, F.W., Oeberst, R., Plikshs, M., Radtke, K., Raid, T., Schmidt, J., Tomczak, M.T., Vinther, M., Zimmermann C. and Storr-Paulsen, M. 2015. Eastern Baltic cod in distress: biological changes and challenges for stock assessment. ICES Journal of Marine Science, doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fsv109. 

Skrip, M.M., Bauchinger, U., Goymann, W., Fusani, L., Cardinale M., Alan R.R. and McWilliams, S.R. 2015. Linking oxidative status and fuel stores of migratory songbirds on stopover: the importance of flight distance. Ecology and Evolution, doi: 10.1002/ece3.1601.

Lupi, S., Goymann, W., Cardinale M., Fusani, L., 2015. Physiological conditions influence stopover behaviour of short-distance migratory passerines. Journal of Ornithology, J Ornithol DOI 10.1007/s10336-015-1303-5. 

Engelhard, G.H., Thurstan, R.H., MacKenzie, B.R. Alleway, H.K., Colin, R., Bannister, A., Cardinale M., Clarke, M.W., Currie, J.C., Fortibuoni, T., Holm, P., Holt, S.J., Mazzoldi, C., Pinnegar, J.K., Raicevich, S., Volckaert, F.A.M., Klein, E.S. and Lescrauwaet, A-K. 2015. ICES meets marine historical ecology: placing the history of fish and fisheries in current policy context. ICES Journal of Marine Science, doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fsv219.

Svedäng, H., and Cardinale, M., 2015. Comment on stock assessment of eels in the Baltic by Westerberg and Wickström (2015): estimations from an empty sample space. ICES Journal of Marine Science, in press.

Anna Rindorf, Massimiliano Cardinale, Samuel Shephard, José A. A. De Oliveira, Einar Hjorleifsson, Alexander Kempf, Anna Luzenczyk, Colin Millar, David C. M. Miller, Coby L. Needle, John Simmonds, Morten Vinther 2016. Fishing for MSY: can ‘pretty good yield’ ranges be used without impairing recruitment? ICES Journal of Marine Science, DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsw111.

Ivan Maggini, Fernanda M. Tahamtani, Massimiliano Cardinale, Leonida Fusani, Claudio Carere 2016. Body temperature upon mist netting procedures in three species of migratory songbirds at a stopover site: implications for welfare. Animal Welfare, 27:93-100.

Bartolino, V., Huitung, T., Bergström, U., Jounela, P., Aro, E., Dieterich, C., Mejer, M., Cardinale, M., Bland, B., Casini, M., 2017. Spatio-temporal dynamics of a fish predator: density-dependent and hydrographic effects on Baltic Sea cod population. PLOS One, PONE-D-16-20783R1, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0172004.

Goymann, W., Lupi, S., Kaiya, H., Cardinale, M., Fusani L. 2017. Ghrelin affects stop-over decisions and food-intake in a long-distance migrant. PNAS 114 (8) 1946-1951, doi:10.1073/pnas.1619565114.

Cardinale M., and Scarcella G., 2017. Mediterranean Sea: a failure of the European fisheries management system. Frontiers in Marine Science.

Cardinale, M., Anders Svenson, Joakim Hjelm, 2017. The “easy restriction” syndrome drive local stocks to extinction: the case of the management of Swedish local populations. Marine Policy, 83 (2017) 179–183.

Carpi, P., Scarcella, G., Cardinale, M., 2017. The saga of the management of fisheries in the Adriatic Sea: history, flaws, difficulties and successes towards the application of the common fishery policy in the Mediterranean. Frontiers in Marine Science, 4:423, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2017.00423.

Jens Olsson, Eglė Jakubavičiūtė, Niklas Larsson, Olavi Kaljuste, Ulf Bergström, Michele Casini, Massimiliano Cardinale, Joakim Hjelm and Pär Byström 2018. How many sticklebacks are there? – The first large-scale assessment of three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) biomass and spatial distribution in the Baltic Sea. ICES Journal of Marine Science, doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsz078.

Jens Olsson, Eglė Jakubavičiūtė, Niklas Larsson, Olavi Kaljuste, Ulf Bergström, Michele Casini, Massimiliano Cardinale, Joakim Hjelm and Pär Byström 2018. How many sticklebacks are there? – The first large-scale assessment of three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) biomass and spatial distribution in the Baltic Sea. ICES Journal of Marine Science, doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsz078.

Elena Battisti, Katharina Urach, Massimiliano Cardinale, Gerit Felsberger, Ezio Ferroglio, Leonida Fusani, Adnan Hodžić, Peter Hufnagl, Georg Gerhard Duscher, 2019. Human relevant ticks and tick-borne pathogens from migratory birds in Southern and Central Europe. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and hygiene. Volume: 113 Pages: S19-S19 Supplement: 1.

A. Ferretti, N.C. Rattenborg, T. Ruf, S.R. McWilliams, M. Cardinale, L. Fusani (2019). Sleeping unsafely tucked in: the sleep dilemma of nocturnal migratory songbirds. Current Biology, Volume 29, Issue 16, 19 August 2019, Pages 2766-2772.e4.

Cardinale, M., Stefano Mariani, and Joakim Hjelm 2019. Comments to Svedäng, H., Barth, J. M. I., Svenson, A., Jonsson, P., Jentoft, S., Knutsen, H., and Andre´, C. Local cod (Gadus morhua) revealed by egg surveys and population genetic analysis after longstanding depletion on the Swedish Skagerrak coast. – ICES Journal of Marine Science, doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsz095.

Cardinale, M., Carpi, P. and Scarcella, G. 2019. Reply to Dörner, H. and Casey, J., 2019. Commentary: The Saga of the Management of Fisheries in the Adriatic Sea: History, Flaws, Difficulties, and Successes toward the Application of the Common Fisheries Policy in the Mediterranean. Front. Mar. Sci., doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00296.

Ivan Maggini, Marta Trez, Massimiliano Cardinale, Leonida Fusani, 2020. Stopover dynamics of 12 passerine migrant species in a small Mediterranean island during spring migration. Journal of Ornithology,

A. Ferretti, Leonida Fusani, Ivan Maggini, Sara Lupi, Cardinale, M., 2019. The amount of available food affects diurnal locomotor activity in migratory songbirds during stopover. Scientific Reports,

Ferretti, Andrea; McWilliams, Scott; Rattenborg, Niels, Maggini, Ivan; Cardinale Massimiliano, Fusani, Leonida 2020. Energy stores, oxidative balance and sleep in migratory Garden Warblers (Sylvia borin) and Whitethroats (Sylvia communis) at a spring stopover site. Integrative Organismal Biology, DOI: 10.1093/iob/obaa010.

Nikolaus Huber, Virginie Canoine, Massimiliano Cardinale, Jessica S. Cornils, Thomas Ruf and Leonida Fusani, 2020. Leukocyte coping capacity as a complementary stress metric in migrating birds. Journal of ornithology,

Bryony Caswell, Emily S. Klein, Ruth H. Thurstan, Heidi Alleway, Massimiliano Cardinale and others, 2020. Something old, something new: Lessons from history for contemporary blue growth agendas. Fish and Fisheries, doi: 10.1111/faf.12460.

Andrea Ferretti, Ivan Maggini, Massimiliano Cardinale, Leonida Fusani, 2020.  Heat loss in sleeping Garden Warblers (Sylvia borin) during migration. Journal of Thermal Biology, 

Ivan Maggini, Massimiliano Cardinale, Jonas Hentati Sundberg, Leonida Fusani, 2020. Recent phenology shifts in migratory birds at a Mediterranean spring stopover site. PLOS ONE, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0239489.

Felipe Carvalho, Henning Winker, Dean Courtney, Laurence Kell, Maia Kapur, Massimiliano Cardinale, Michael Schirripa, Toshihide Kitakado, Dawit Y. Ghebrehiwet, Kevin R. Piner, Mark N. Maunder, Rick Methot, 2020. A Cookbook for Using Model Diagnostics in Integrated Stock Assessments. Fisheries Research,

Margit Eero, Massimiliano Cardinale, Marie Storr-Paulsen, 2020. Increasing complexity of resource management in changing seas: example of cod in the Baltic Sea. Ocean and Coastal Management,

Robert E. Rollins, Sabine Schaper, Claudia Kahlhofer, Dimitrios Frangoulides, Aurelia Strauss, Massimiliano Cardinale, Andrea Springer, Christina Strube, Deon K. Bakkes, Noémie S. Becker, Lidia Chitimia-Dobler 2020. Tick (Acari: Ixodidae) on birds migrating to Ponza, Italy and the tick-borne pathogens they carry. Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases,

Laurie Kell, Rishi Sharma, Toshihide Kitakado, Henning Winker, Iago Mosqueira, Massimiliano Cardinale, Dan Fu, 2021. Validation of stock assessment methods: is it me or my model talking?? ICES Journal of Marine Science,

Ivan Maggini, Massimiliano Cardinale, Andrea Favaretto, Petr Voříšek, Fernando Spina, Francesco Maoret, Leonida Fusani, 2020. Comparing population trend estimates of migratory birds from breeding censuses and capture data at a spring migration bottleneck. Ecology and Evolution, DOI: 10.1002/ece3.7110.

Saša Raicevich, Bryony A. Caswell, Valerio Bartolino, Massimiliano Cardinale, Tyler Eddy, Ioannis Giovos, Ann-Katrien Lescrauwaet, Ruth H. Thurstan, Georg H. Engelhard, & Emily S. Klein, 2021. Sidney Holt, a historical giant who focused on the future: his legacy and challenges for present-day marine scientists. ICES Journal of Marine Science,

Massimiliano Cardinale, Francesco Colloca, Angelo Bonanno, Giuseppe Scarcella, Enrico Arneri, Angélique Jadaud, Claire Saraux, Salvatore Aronica, Simona Genovese, Marco Barra, Gualtiero Basilone, Silvia Angelini, Fabio Falsone, Vita Gancitano, Alberto Santojanni, Fabio Fiorentino, Giacomo Milisenda, Matteo Murenu, Tommaso Russo, Piera Carpi, Beatriz Guijarro, José Luis Pérez Gil, María González, Pedro Torres, Ana Giráldez, Cristina García, Antonio Esteban, Encarnación García, Miguel Vivas, Enric Massutí, Francesc Ordines, Antoni Quetglas, Juan Gil Herrera, 2021. The Mediterranean fishery management: a call for shifting the current paradigm from duplication to synergy. Marine Policy,






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