The terms below are from the National Delegation for Validation’s interim report SOU 2018:29 “Validering i högskolan – för tillgodoräknande och livslångt lärande” (higher education institution validation – credit transfer and lifelong learning (only available in Swedish)).
Individual eligibility assessment
A higher education institution’s objective assessment of an applicant’s knowledge and skills in relation to the expertise required for them to be eligible to study a specific course or programme.
A process that involves a structured assessment, evaluation and documentation as well as a recognition of knowledge and expertise a person possesses regardless of how they have been acquired (Education Act (2010:800) (only available in Swedish). Not an official translation).
The ability to use knowledge and skills in order to carry out tasks and solve problems.
Expertise that an established organisation, e.g. an education organisation, public authority or business have assessed and documented in formal conditions through grades, certificates, ID, etc.
The gathered, actual expertise that an individual has regardless of how, when or where it developed. Formal proof is not required. This may be experience and knowledge acquired from e.g. professional careers, staff training, association activities and parenthood. The learning can be formal, informal and non-formal.
Learning that has taken place in the formal educational system and which is clearly designed in relation to subject/field, time and resources. Formal learning is regulated by laws, ordinances and other regulations, and its purpose is grades, degree certificates, course certificates or equivalent. Public authorities carry out quality assurance in the form of supervision and other monitoring.
Intentional and organised learning not regulated by laws, ordinances or regulations. Non-formal learning is e.g. study circles, labour market training and staff training. In such cases, quality assurance varies.
Often unintentional learning that is not organised or structured and which takes place at the workplace, in the home, during spare time, holidays, etc.
Controlled process where previous learning is assessed in relation to expertise criteria or entry requirements.