If you want to take parental leave for a long-term period, you must apply two months in advance. When applying for pregnancy benefits, parental benefits and temporary parental benefits, always send your application to Försäkringskassan (the Swedish Social Insurance Agency).
Right to parental Leave
You may take full leave until your child turns 1½. You may also reduce your working hours up to 25% until the child turns eight or completes their first year of school. If SLU approves your application, you are permitted to reduce your working hours up to the end of the school year when your child turns 12. You must work 40% at a minimum.
An application for leave should be made no later than 2 months before the leave commences, or as soon as possible.
Registering maternity/paternity leave via the Primula web
There are a number of alternatives to choose from. It is important that the employee chooses the right form of leave. For all maternity/paternity leave, the child's personal identification number and the organisation of working hours for part-time must be included in the message box.
Scheduling of leave
The employee must consult their employer concerning the scheduling of leave. If it can be scheduled without disadvantage to the employee, he/she must schedule the entirety of their leave so that the employer's activities can continue without significant disturbance.
If the employer makes a decision that the leave shall be scheduled in a manner which is not in line with the employee's wishes, the employer must inform the employee and the employee's local labour association of the decision. Where possible, this must be done no later than two weeks prior to the start of the leave.
Leave with the support of the Parental Leave Act may either be scheduled as consecutive leave or divided into a maximum three periods per calendar year. This limitation does not apply to leave with temporary parental benefit for the care of a child or leave for parent management training. Additional periods may be set out if the employer so permits. A period refers to time during which parental leave is scheduled consecutively. It may be a day, a month or another period of time. The period is interrupted if the scope of the leave changes or if another form of leave is taken.
You may apply for a transfer if you are pregnant and have a physically demanding job or work at a computer screen. You must apply at least a month in advance. If SLU cannot transfer you, you have the right to leave with full salary deduction. You may receive pregnancy benefit from Försäkringskassan for a maximum of 50 days, starting from the 60th day at the earliest up until the 11th day before your due date.
When you have a baby or adopt a child, you have the right to leave with full salary deduction for the days you receive parental benefit from Försäkringskassan – currently a maximum of 480 days. You are permitted to take your leave starting from the 60th day (applies to the mother only) before the due date and up until the child turns eight or completes first grade. If the child is born on 1 January 2014 or later, you may receive parental benefit up until the day the child turns twelve or when the child completes fifth grade of primary school.
As of 1 April 2007 there is a local agreement on parental pay. Parental pay comprises 10% of the current daily salary. Parental leave compensation will be paid out for a period of 360 days. If both parents are employed at SLU, they both have the right to a maximum 360 days for parental leave compensation per childbirth. The 360 days referred to in the agreement are in fact 360 'occasions', in the sense that a half day counts as once occasion. All consecutive days taken count, which means public holidays also count.
- The parental leave compensation has no link to parental benefit received from Försäkringskassan.
- No copies of payment records are sent to payroll.
- The parental leave compensation is paid out on a monthly basis in relation to the scope stipulated in the approved application for leave.
Withdrawal of parental leave
According to FleL, an employee may interrupt their commenced leave and return to work of the same scope as prior to their leave. The employee must inform the employer of their return to work as soon as possible. If parental leave was originally intended to last one month or more, the employer may postpone the employee's return to work by up to a month after the employer's receipt of notification.
Holidays and parental leave
In connection with coming to an agreement on parental leave, holiday leave must also be planned. Normally, holiday leave should be utilised before parental leave commences, at least if the leave is to last to the end of the year. At least four weeks' holiday per calendar year must be utilised, even if the employee intends to be on parental leave throughout the year. Holiday leave may not be combined with payments from Försäkringskassan. For an employee, all parental leave with parental benefit supplement and parental leave with parental leave compensation qualify them for holiday pay.
Sickness during parental leave
If a parent who is receiving parental benefit becomes so ill that he or she cannot take care of the child, Försäkringskassan may decide to switch the employee from parental benefit to sickness benefit.
Temporary parental benefit
Care of a sick child (vab)
You may receive temporary parental benefit from Försäkringskassan for a maximum of 120 days to take care of an ill child. You may take 60 days if the ordinary caregiver or the child is ill. The remaining 60 days can only be taken if the child is ill. You may also receive temporary parental benefit if the child needs to see a doctor or similar, or if the other parent has a doctor’s appointment with a sibling. In general, the child needs to be under 12 years of age and a doctor’s certificate is required after the 8th day. Temporary parental benefit is calculated per child and calendar year. You are on leave with full salary deduction. You can transfer your days of temporary parental benefit to another person, e.g. a grandmother or sister.
10 days upon the birth of a child
The father or other parent may stay at home with full salary deduction for ten workdays. This applies if you receive temporary parental benefit from Försäkringskassan. Your ten days need to be used within 60 days from the time the child came home.
Contact days in accordance with LSS
You may take 10 contact days per child and per year for children who are covered by the Act Concerning Support and Service for Persons with Certain Functional Impairments (LSS). You may take the days from the time of the child’s birth until the child turns 16.