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Klara Fischer

Klara Fischer
Associate Professor in Rural Development


Food production is at the same time central to humanity and intimately connected with many of the serious challenges to global climate and ecologies. My research interests concern how ideas and practices regarding today's sustainability challenges in food production and natural resource management are negotiated and turned into practice, and in particular how marginalised groups are affected.


Broadly most of my research concerns how smallholders' adopt and adapt new technologies and practices, the relationship between smallholders' practices and agricultural policy and advice and broader societal discourses on agriculture development and natural resource management. more specifically my research might be divided into the following themes: 

- smallholder adoption of, and broader discourses about, GM crops
- material effects and situated knowledges of animal disease and how these local practices and knowledges interact with formal knowledge systems and interventions,
- negotiations on sustainable development in climate forestry investments, and

While technologies like commodified carbon or biotechnology are not inherently positive or negative, they have often become tools for reinforcing dominant discourses and sometimes disguising disagreements about how sustainable development should proceed. In studying such hidden disagreements, I want to keep an eye out for the effects for marginalised groups and  ‘nature’, e.g. through visualising how biodiversity and local people’s livelihoods today often are undermined in the quest for global carbon emission reductions. In studying conflicting perspectives and material impacts relating to new technologies and ‘sustainable development’, political ecology, Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) and ‘Social Shaping of Technology’ (SST) have provided useful analytical frames for me.


I have a MSc  in Biology/Nature conservation from Lund University (2002),  a PhD in Rural development studies from the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SLU (2013). I became Associate Professor in Rural Development 2018


I am main supervisor to Anna Arvidsson, PhD student in Rural Development, Department of Urban and Rural Development, SLU

I am  assistant supervisor to Sara Lysholm, PhD student in Clinical Sciences, SLU.

I was associate supervisor to Linda Engström, PhD in rural Development. You can read her thesis here: and to associate supervisor to Suvi Kokko, PhD student in Economics, you can read her thesis here:

Selected publications

Here you find my ten most recent publications. for a more complete list, see e.g. Google Scholar:

1)      Lysholm S., J. Johansson Wensman, M. Munyeme & K. Fischer (2020) “Perceptions and practices among Zambian sheep and goat traders concerning small ruminant health and disease.” PLoS ONE 15(6): e0233611.


2)      Eriksson C., K. Fischer & E. Ulfbecker (2020). “Technovisions for food security as Sweden restores its civil defence.” Science, Technology and Society 25 (1):106-123. doi: 10.1177/0971721819889924.


3)      Fischer, K., K. Schulz & E. Chenais (2020)  “‘Can we agree on that?’ Plurality, power and language in participatory research.” Preventive Veterinary Medicine 180, 104991. doi:


4)      Fischer, K. T. Stenius & S. Holmgren (2020) “Swedish forests in the bioeconomy: Stories from the National Forest Program.” Society & Natural Resources: Published online Feb 18, 2020, 1-18. Doi: 10.1080/08941920.2020.1725202.


5)      Fischer, K. & E. Chenais. (2019) “What’s in a name: participatory epidemiology.”  Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 165: 34-35


6)      Fischer, K., K. Sjöström, A. Stiernström & U. Emanuelson (2019). “Dairy farmers’ perspectives on antibiotic use: A qualitative study.” Journal of Dairy Science 102(3):2724-2737 doi: 10.3168/jds.2018-15015


7)      Fischer, K., F. Giertta & F. Hajdu (2019) “Carbon-binding biomass or a diversity of useful trees? (Counter)topographies of carbon forestry in Uganda.” Environment and Planning E: Nature and Space 2(1), 178–199. doi: 10.1177/2514848618823598


8)      Röös, E., K. Fischer, P. Tidåker & H. Nordström Källström (2019) “How well is farmers’ social situation captured by sustainability assessment tools? A Swedish case study.”  International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology 26 (3):268-281. doi: 10.1080/13504509.2018.1560371.


9)      Holmgren, S., M. Pever & K. Fischer (2019) “Constructing low-carbon futures? Competing storylines in the Estonian energy sector’s translation of EU energy goals.” Energy Policy 135:111063. doi:


10)   Chenais, E. & K. Fischer (2018) “Increasing the local relevance of epidemiological research: Situated knowledge of cattle disease among Basongora pastoralists in Uganda.” Frontiers in Veterinary Science 5:119.

Researcher at the Department of Urban and Rural Development; Division of Rural Development
Telephone: +4618671771
Postal address:
Inst för stad och land, Box 7012
Visiting address: Ulls väg 27, Uppsala