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Cecilia Lalander

Cecilia Lalander
Associate Professor in Environmental Engineering. My research is focused on technologies for safe recycling of resources from waste, in particular the use of insects in waste management for feed production.


I work with different biodegradable waste fractions, such as food-, toilet-, and food industry wastes. The focus of my work is on black solider fly larvae conversion, in which animal feed (larval biomass) and an biologically active organic fertiliser (treatment residue, called frass) is generated. This treatment follows the principles of circular economy, in which the waste or residual stream in one process becomes the raw material in another process. For more information about our research on resource recycling from biodegradable waste, visit our blog.


I am course leader of the 5 credit course Waste management. I also teach in the courses Safe nutrient recycling and Sustainable technologies for low- and medium income countries.


The focus of my research is on recycling of resources from biodegradable waste. Our hypothesis is that inadequate management of biodegradable waste globally, largely is due to the high cost of treatment, which exceeds the possible revenue from the products generated. We believe that if more valuable products were generated, the management of this waste fraction would improve. The technology we work with is fly larvae composting, and we use the larvae of the tropical black solider fly (Hermetia illucens) to convert biologically degradable waste into larval biomass that can be used in animal feed, and a treatment residue (frass) that can be used as an biologically active organic fertiliser. In my research, I investigate the impact of process parameters on the treatment efficiency, I evaluate the efficiency of different waste sources and possible ways of improving the treatment efficiency, with e.g. pre-treatment schemes. As this is a close loop system, the fate of contaminants is of importance and this is something we put great emphasis on as we want the circulation of resources to be safe. Another important factor we also investigate is the environmental impact, e.g. by measuring the direct emissions of greenhouse gases in the treatment.


We also work with implementation of this technology in Sweden as well as other parts of the world (currently Rwanda and China).

We are currently involved in the large-scale implimentation project The feed of the future for fish, pigs, poultry and laying hens. More information about the project can be found here

This project is a continuation of the research project Five tonnes of green fish in the counter, in which four tonnes of rainbow trout were fed circular feed, in which  insects were the major protein source. The larvae were reared on vegetable cuttings from Grönsakshallen Sorunda, and reclaimed bread from Fazer.


I hold a PhD i Chemistry from Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.


Main and co-supervisor for PhD candidates:

On-going  Main supervisor

Lovisa Lindberg, arbetstitel: Process efficiency in black solider fly composting of plant based food industry waste - Impact of pre-treatment

On-going co-supervisor

Finalised co-supervisor

Alice Isibika, 2023, Use of pre-treatments and substrate blending to enhance process efficiency in black soldier fly larvae composting of food industry waste

Prithvi Simha, 2021, Alkaline Urine Dehydration : how to dry source-separated human urine and recover nutrients?

Luis Fernando Perez Mercado, 2020, Farm-based technologies for management of risks from irrigation with wastewater-polluted sources in Cochabamba, Bolivia

Main and co-supervisor for MSc projects



Hilda Anderberg, 2023, MSc - BSF-colony management efficiency at a large scale fly larvae composting company in Kenya – A field study

Maria Mattsson, 2023, MSc - Fate of plant protection agents in fly larvae composting (In Swedish)

Madeleine Gobl, 2022, MSc -  Predicting Treatment Performance Using Ternary Plot: Macronutrients’ impact on biomass conversion efficiency

Daniel Ismail Eriksson, 2021, MSC - Design and evaluation of black soldier fly larvae and frass compost separator

Robert Almqvist, 2020, MSc - Fly larvae composting of fibrous food industry waste - Impact of pre-treatment

Nils Ewald, 2019, MSc - Fatty acid composition of black soldier fly larvae - impact of rearing substrate

Kristina Lundgren, 2019, MSc -  Impact of fly specific bacteria on fly larvae composting

Solveig Johannesdottir, 2017, MSc - Uppskalning av fluglarvskompostering - Luftningsbehov och ventilation

Thabani Eddington Chirere, 2016, MSc - A way out of food insecurity and poverty - The potential of using fly larvae composted faeces as organic fertiliser in sub-Saharan African agriculture.

Bram Dortmans, 2015, MSc - Valorisation of Organic Waste – Effect of the Feeding Regime on Process Parameters in a Continuous Black Soldier Fly Larvae Composting System.

Modibo Sidibe, 2014, MSc - Comparative study of bark, bio-char, activated charcoal filters for upgrading grey-water : from a hygiene aspect.

Ramiyeh Molaei, 2014, MSc - Pathogen and indicator organisms removal in artificial greywater subjected to aerobic treatment : comparison of four filter media.

Alexander Myrsten, 2012, MSc - Maskkompostering för behandling av organiskt avfall.

Subject reviewer

Matilda Gunnarsson, 2021, MSc - Sustainability assessment of urine concentration technologies

Lovisa Lindberg, 2018, MSc - Utsläpp av växthusgaser och ammoniak under fluglarvskompostering

Selected publications

In peer-reviewed journals:

Isibika A, Simha P, Vinnerås B, Zurbrügg C, Kibazohi O, Lalander C. 2023 Food industry waste - An opportunity for black soldier fly larvae protein production in Tanzania. Science of The Total Environment; 858: 159985.

Perez-Mercado LF, Lalander C, Joel A, Ottoson J, Iriarte M, Vinnerås B. 2022 Managing microbial risks in informal wastewater-irrigated agriculture through irrigation water substitution. Agricultural Water Management 269: 107733.

Lopes, I.G., Yong, J.W.H. and Lalander, C., 2022. Frass derived from black soldier fly larvae treatment of biodegradable wastes. A critical review and future perspectives. Waste Management 142: 65-76. 

Lindberg, L., Vinnerås, B. and Lalander, C., 2022. Process efficiency in relation to enzyme pre-treatment duration in black soldier fly larvae composting. Waste Management 137: 121-127. 

Lindberg, L., Ermolaev, E., Vinnerås, B. and Lalander, C., 2022. Process efficiency and greenhouse gas emissions in black soldier fly larvae composting of fruit and vegetable waste with and without pre-treatment. Journal of Cleaner Production 338: 130552. 

Isibika, A., Vinnerås, B., Kibazohi, O., Zurbrügg, C. and Lalander, C., 2021. Co-composting of banana peel and orange peel waste with fish waste to improve conversion by black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens (L.), Diptera: Stratiomyidae) larvae. Journal of Cleaner Production 318: 128570.

Chirere T. E., Khalil, S., Lalander, C., 2021 Fertiliser effect on Swiss chard of black soldier fly larvae-frass compost made from food waste and faeces. Journal of insects as food and feed  7: 457-469.

Lalander C., Evgheni E., Wiklicky V., Vinnerås B. 2020. Process efficiency and ventilation requirement in black soldier fly larvae composting of substrates with high water content. Science of the Total Environment 729: 138968.

Lopes I. G., Lalander C., Vidotti R. M., Vinnerås B., 2020 Reduction of bacteria in relation to feeding regimes when treating aquaculture waste in fly larvae composting. Frontiers in microbiology 11:1616.

Lalander C., Evgheni E., Wiklicky V., Vinnerås B. 2020. Process efficiency and ventilation requirement in black soldier fly larvae composting of substrates with high water content. Science of the Total Environment 729: 138968.

Lopes I. G., Lalander C., Vidotti R. M., Vinnerås B. 2020 Using Hermetia illucens larvae to process biowaste from aquaculture production. Journal of Cleaner Production 251: 119753.

Ewald N., Vidakovic A., Langeland M., Kiessling A., Sampels S., Lalander C. 2020 Fatty acid composition of black soldier fly larvae (Hermetia illucens) – Possibilities and limitations for modification through diet. Waste Management 102: 40-47.

Ermolaev E., Lalander C., Vinnerås B. 2019 Greenhouse gas emissions from small-scale fly larvae composting with Hermetia illucens. Waste Management 96: 65-74.

Isibika A., Vinnerås B., Kibazohi O., Zurbrügg C., Lalander C. 2019 Pre-treatment of banana peel to improve composting by black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens (L.), Diptera: Stratiomyidae) larvae. Waste Management 100: 151-160.

Lalander, C., Diener, S., Zurbrügg, C., & Vinnerås, B. 2019. Effects of feedstock on larval development and process efficiency in waste treatment with black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens). Journal of Cleaner Production, 208, 211-219

Lalander, C., Senecal, J., Gros Calvo, M., Ahrens, L., Josefsson, S., Wiberg, K. and Vinnerås, B. 2016. Fate of pharmaceuticals and pesticides in fly larvae composting. Science of the Total Environment 565, 279-286.

Lalander C, Fidjeland J, Diener S, Eriksson S, Vinnerås B. 2015. High waste-to-biomass conversion and efficient Salmonella spp. reduction using black soldier fly for waste recycling. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 35: 261-71

Lalander C, Diener S, Magri ME, Zurbrügg C, Lindström A, Vinnerås B. 2013. Faecal sludge management with the larvae of the black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) — From a hygiene aspect. Science of the Total Environment 458–460: 312-18




Complete publication list from Research Gate


Researcher at the Department of Energy and Technology; Environmental Engineering
Telephone: +4618673816
Postal address:
Inst för energi och teknik, Box 7032
Visiting address: Lennart Hjelms väg 9, Uppsala