The department of legal affairs has pulished updated guidelines on research misconduct.
When it comes to misconduct in research, it is also relevant to discuss the regulations for co-authorship, i.e. which type of contribution gives a person the right to be listed as (co-)author of a certain work.
The primary international standard for publication ethics are the Vancouver rules for authorship, or their full name: ‘Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals’, published by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). As the name implies, they were mainly created for medical publications where the list of authors can be very long, but they can also be useful in other scientific fields.
The Swedish Research Council has more information on this.
The Vancouver rules state the following criteria when deciding who should rightfully be listed as author:
“Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND
Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND
Final approval of the version to be published; AND
Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.”
Test your knowledge
- What does research misconduct mean?
- Do you need an opinion from the Central Ethical Review Board?
- Who decides on possible measures?
- Can anyone be listed as as co-author of a scientific article?
- Can an unsubstantiated claim to co-authorship count as research misconduct?