Terms and concepts in data protection

Last changed: 11 December 2019

On this page, we explain some common concepts in data protection.

A  C  D  E  F  L  P  R  S  T

A

anonymisation processing of personal data in a manner that prevents data from being associated with a specific data subject

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C

consent of the data subject means any freely given, specific, informed and unambiguous indication of the data subject's wishes by which he or she, by a statement or by a clear affirmative action, signifies agreement to the processing of personal data relating to them

controller see data controller

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D

data controller the natural or legal person, public authority, agency or other body which, alone or jointly with others, determines the purposes and means of the processing of personal data

data processor a natural or legal person, public authority, agency or other body which processes personal data on behalf of the controller

data subject the person(s) whose personal data is processed 

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 E

exercise of public authority legal basis for processing personal data; the processing must be necessary to make a decision or to produce supporting documents for decision-making

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 F

fulfilling agreements legal basis for processing personal data; the processing must be required to fulfill or enter into an agreement

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 L

legal obligation legal basis for processing personal data; the processing must be necessary to fulfill a duty defined in Swedish legislation

legitimate interest legal basis for processing personlal data: the legitimate interest must be greater than the data subject's interest that we do not process their data

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 P

personal data any information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person, that is a person who can be directly or indirectly identified, in particular by reference to an identifier such as a name, an identification number, location data, an online identifier or to one or more factors specific to the physical, physiological, genetic, mental, economic, cultural or social identity of that natural person

personal data breach a breach of security leading to the accidental or unlawful destruction, loss, alteration, unauthorised disclosure of, or access to, personal data transmitted, stored or otherwise processed 

processing any operation or set of operations which is performed on personal data or on sets of personal data, whether or not by automated means; examples of processing are collection, storage, adaptation and  dissemination

processor see data processor

pseudonymisation the processing of personal data in such a manner that the personal data can no longer be attributed to a specific data subject without the use of additional information, provided that such additional information is kept separately and is subject to technical and organisational measures to ensure that the personal data are not attributed to an identified or identifiable natural person 

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R

restriction of processing  the marking of stored personal data with the aim of limiting future processing of it 

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S

sensitive personal data data revealing racial or ethnic origin, political opinions, religious or philosophical beliefs, trade union membership, genetic data, biometric data for the purpose of uniquely identifying a natural person, data concerning health or data concerning a natural person's sex life or sexual orientation 

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 T

task of public interest legal basis for processing personal data; the task must be defined in a legal act or in a public authority decision supported by a legal act

Page editor: eva.marie.ek@slu.se